Robust spherical roller bearings make wind energy more efficient

With the objective of increasing the reliability, availability and efficiency of wind turbines, Schaeffler has optimised its spherical roller bearings for the main rotor. The development of an asymmetrical spherical roller bearing represents yet another step towards increased robustness.

Sutton Coldfield, UK. 16th November 2016. The rotor shaft bearings are of critical importance in wind turbines. The locating bearing is subject to extremely high axial loads. With this in mind, Schaeffler has optimised its tried and tested standard spherical roller bearings in order to meet the specific requirements of wind turbines. In addition, Schaeffler has developed an asymmetrical bearing design.

Robust design for reduced wear
With regard to micro-geometry, developers have improved the surfaces in order to reduce friction and thus the application of energy and wear. In addition, they have adjusted osculation to transmit rolling element normal forces across a large surface, reducing contact pressure. The rolling elements have also been specially profiled. Adjustments in macro-geometry primarily comprise two aspects. First, the engineers have reduced the internal bearing clearance, which has improved the operating clearance. This has also reduced the rolling bearing forces and the axial sliding of the drive train. Second, they have used a firm centre rib for the locating bearings of the wind turbine rotor and increased axial rigidity, which reduced the axial displacement of the drive train. In addition, the firm centre rib helps to distribute the contact pressures along the rollers. With these two measures, it has been possible to increase the robustness of the bearings against wear, which is caused by axial displacement. As part of validation, the bearings were subjected to comprehensive testing and granted Schaeffler’s “X-life” seal of approval. The necessary validation steps have been certified by Germanischer Lloyd (certificate GL-CER-002-2015).

Better load distribution with asymmetrical spherical roller bearings
The asymmetrical bearing design represents yet another major step forward. This design significantly increases the axial load carrying capacity and therefore the service life of the main bearings in wind turbines. It allows a greater contact angle on the row of rollers supporting the axial load and a flatter contact angle on the row of rollers that primarily support radial loads. This results in better load distribution, reduced contact pressures and a significant reduction of the axial sliding distance.

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The asymmetrical spherical roller bearing significantly increases the axial load carrying capacity and thus the service life of the main bearings in wind turbines.

About Schaeffler
The Schaeffler Group is a leading global integrated automotive and industrial supplier. The company stands for the highest quality, outstanding technology, and strong innovative ability. The Schaeffler Group makes a key contribution to “Mobility for tomorrow” with high-precision components and systems in engine, transmission, and chassis applications as well as rolling and plain bearing solutions for a large number of industrial applications. The technology company generated sales of approximately EUR 13.2 billion in 2015. With around 85,000 employees, Schaeffler is one of the world’s largest family companies and, with approximately 170 locations in over 50 countries, has a worldwide network of manufacturing locations, research and development facilities, and sales companies.

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